Thursday, July 7, 2011

Jungle( Trek in Bukit Lawang) _ ( Tangkahan ) North Sumatera _ Medan < INDONESIA >

About North Sumatra
North Sumatra is Indonesia’s most populous province outside of Java, stretches from the Indian Ocean in the west to the Straits of Malaka in the East, and from Aceh in the north to west Sumatra in the south. It is thick with virgin rainforest, jungle-covered hills, terraced rice fields, mountain rivers, beautiful waterfalls, and volcanic lakes and peaceful while beaches.
North Sumatra is one of Indonesia’s last surfing frontiers. “North Sumatra” consists of 5 islands or island groups: Hinako Islands, Nias, Telos and 2 other obscure island groups to the north. North Sumatra receives similar swell to Mentawais and enjoys its peak swell season from May to September. Despite Indonesia’s reputation for hollow lefts, in North Sumatra right-handers are slightly more prevalent. While Lagundri Bay at Nias has been surfed for decades, it is the more obscure rights like Bawa (a Sunset-like right bowl that holds up to 15 feet) and Treasure Island (a long, hollow, mechanical right peeling for 200 meters) that have attracted the attention of late. Throw a mix of hollow and bowl lefthanders into the picture like Asu, Afulu, the Machine, and many more obscure rights and lefts.

In contrast to the small island of Bali, North Sumatra province is large with one of the biggest lakes in the world, Toba Lake, at its navel. The continuous mountain of Bukit Barisan, which extends from Aceh at the tip of Sumatra island to Lampung at the bottom of the island, guards the province on the west side, providing home for thick, tropical jungles and lush vegetations. As you go down the western mountains towards the beaches of the east, mountain streams, strong rivers, and gorgeous waterfalls will accompany you.
Along the length of this province crosses Bukit Barisan Mountains with peaks of numerous volcanoes. The land has thick virgin forests, lush vegetation, rice fields, mountain streams, rivers, waterfalls and sandy beaches. It has a rich flora and fauna. An abundance of birds, butterflies, buffaloes, deer, mouse deer, orangutans and many other export commodities make North Sumatra one of the richest provinces in Indonesia, as it produces more than 30 % of Indonesia’s exports. The province offers the visitors, especially nature lovers, beautiful tropical panoramas, terraced rice fields, blue mountains, jungle covered hills, white sandy beaches, music, dance and folk arts.
The people of the region can be can be divided into five main ethnic groups: the Coastal Malays, living along the Melaka Straits, the Bataks, consisting of the sub-tribes around Lake Toba and Samosir Island, the Pesisirs along the Indian Ocean coast, the Mandailings of southern Tapanuli, and Nias Islanders off the western coast of the province. These groups each have their own dialects. Religious beliefs, arts, costumes and cultures. Several ethnic groups live in Medan and other towns of Non Sumatra, tittle largest of these being Chinese and Indian. Other arts of the archipelago arc represented notably the Acehnese, Lake Toha Minangkabau and Javanese.
Mesjid Raya Medan

Relative to Bali, North Sumatra has very heterogeneous ethnic groups, and thus, cultures. The people of the eastern coasts, also known as the Malays (Melayu) have markedly different traditions and culture from Batak highlanders who live around Toba Lake and Samosir Island. Further south, the Mandailings and Angkolas, and Nias Island, have yet more flavors of traditions and culture. Besides them, there are several ethnic groups who live in Medan and other towns of North Sumatra. Its largest groups are Chinese and Indian, who being naturalized Indonesian citizens. Other Indonesian tribes like Acehnese, Minangkabau, Javanese, etc also live in many parts here. Each of the mentioned tribes as well as the ethnic groups has its own dialect, religion, beliefs, traditional customs, etc. Arts and cultures make this region, a paradise for social scientists. Among the ancient Indonesian cultures, which can be seen at Samosir Island, are the centuries old tombs of Batak Toba kings and a stone-table with its benches, where the Siallagan chiefs formerly held meetings.
The diversity of arts and cultures make this region a treasure chest for social scientists and culture seeker. Ancient carved-stone graves of Batak kings, the megalithic culture of Nias, unique dances, ceremonies, arts and crafts are just waiting for you to discover. North Sumatra is also one of the richest provinces in Indonesia for flora and fauna. And of course the jewel of North Sumatra. Lake Toba, the legendary birthplace of the mountain-dwelling Bataks and the largest inland lake in Southeast Asia. The region tiers more than 30% of Indonesia?s export commodities, making it a vital cog in the economy. Tobacco, palm oil, tea and rubber are produced in large quantities, particularly around medan in the north of the province.
North Sumatra province has 70,787 sq km width. Geographically, it is located between 1o and 4o North Latitude and between 98o and 100o East Longitude. The area is Borders with:
* North side: the special territory of Aceh
* South side: West Sumatra Province and Riau Province
* West side: Indian Ocean
* East side: Malacca Strait
North Sumatra Province is divided among 11 regencies, 6 municipals, and 3 administrative towns with Medan as its capital city.
Composed of coastal areas, lowlands, plateaus, and mountains.
Humidity: Varies between 79% and 96%.
As one of Indonesia islands, North Sumatra has rainfall of 1,100-3,400 mm per year. It temperature is range between 18o C and 34o C.
Historically, North Sumatra Province has a migration flow of population either from other provinces because of the existence of heavy plantation in this province or migration to other areas for studying and expanding business. Since population mobility is high, there are multi ethnics on the community. In 1994, the population density of North Sumatra Province reached 157 people per Km2. Compared to the average national population growth (2.144% per year), this province was on the lower level with 1.53% per year.

Gunung Leuser National Park
Gunung Leuser National Park is one of the largest protected forested areas in southeast asia, this national park encompasses a range of environments from coastal lowland to volcanic peaks. Most Sumatran wildlife species are represented in the ares, though tigers, elephants and rhinos are in evidence mainly through mud tracks, trumpet calls and rustling bushes than actual sightings. The Alas river, which traverses much of the park’s length, is often the best vantage point for viewing the park’s flora and fauna. Ecologically sensitive river rafting operation are a good option for visitors, combining whitewater excitement with river-level views of forest life and just outside the park boundaries, daily activities at river settlements. The Bohorok wildlife research station and orangutan rehabilitation center lies at the park outskirts.

The Gunung Leuser National Park (Gunung Leuser National Park) is located in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, covers approximately 1,094,692 hectares (ha) (1 ha is about the size of a football pitch), and straddles the borders of the two provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and North Sumatra. The Gunung Leuser National Park takes its name from the towering Mount Leuser, whose peak stretches to 3,404m. The park was originally established as a 142,800 ha Indonesian Nature Reserve in 1934 (ZB No. 317/35), and after a series of additions and classification changes was formally established as a National Park in 1980 (811/Kpts/Um/II/1980).
Together with Bukit Barisan Selatan and Kerinci Seblat National Parks, the Gunung Leuser National ParkASEAN Heritage Park in 1984. Here exists a complex, amazingly species rich and fragile environment, with a delicately balanced network of animal and plant l forms the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra UNESCO World Heritage Site (TRHS). The World Heritage status was inscribed in 2004, along with the previously attributed status of being recognized as a Biosphere Reserve in 1981 and an ife. The Gunung Leuser National Park is the core of many endangered species’ remaining habitat. The area is considered to be of huge environmental importance, and the unique flora and fauna are in critical need of conservation and protection. The Gunung Leuser National Park is also part of one of the WWF’s 200 Global Ecoregions of conservation importance for world biodiversity.
The Gunung Leuser National Park lies within the 2,634,874 ha Leuser Ecosystem (LE). This region was established after comprehensive research conducted in the 1980s and 90s, which showed that the borders of the national park were insufficient to maintain the requirements of the rich biodiversity present in northern Sumatra. Thus, in 1995, the LE was legally recognized through a Ministry of Forestry Decree (No. 227/KPTS-II/1995), and also a Presidential Decree in 1998 (No. 33/1998). In 2008, it was established as a national strategic area by a government regulation (No. 26/2008).

Flora of Gunung Leuser National Park
Approximately 8,500 plant species grow in the beach, swamp, lowland, mountain and alpine ecosystems of the Leuser Ecosystem, with no less than 4,000 of these growing in the Gunung Leuser National Park itself. The region represents one of the best remaining expanses of lowland dipterocarp forest across Indonesia. The trees reach 40-70m in height and are home to a great number of plant and animal species. The dipterocarp trees tend to produce exceptionally large amounts of fruit at the same time every two to five years. This is known as mast fruiting. During these years there is a vast surplus of edible fruits available for forest animals, much of which remains untouched. In normal fruiting seasons there is far less fruit than in masting periods, meaning that fruit dependent animals, such as orangutans, have to cover large distances to find enough food to survive.
The forests are home to an enormous variety of plant species, due to the soil diversity and differences in altitude. The rafflesia flower (Rafflesia arnoldii) is the world’s largest individual flower, and is found only on Sumatra and the neighbouring island of Borneo. The rafflesia flower can weigh as much as 11kg when fully grown, with its dark pink and red petals growing up to 1m long and 2.5cm thick. It is a parasitic plant and lacks any leaves, stems or roots, instead obtaining nutrients from host plants to which it attaches itself. Its rather morbid common name is the ‘corpse flower’ as it is said to emit a very pungent smell, used to attract pollinating insects within the dense forest. Casuarinas trees, wild nutmeg, camphor, nibung palms, rotan, mangrove trees, and pandan plants can all be found in the beach and swamp forests, and along the rivers grow exotic species such as Pometia pinnata. In the lowland forests, trees such as meranti, keruing, camphor and damar, along with several wild fruit trees such as durian, mango, wild banana, citrus fruit and wild jack fruit growing in abundance. The mountain and alpine woods are home to several species of moss and wild flowers such as gentians, primulas, strawberries, herbs, and wild orchids. The rafflesia flower can also be found in these forest.
The damar tree (Agathis sp.) is particularly useful to people, as it grows to great heights (greater than 20m) and can be harvested for its resin. The resin can be burned and used for starting fires and as a pleasant smelling incense. The wood of the tree is also very valuable, and timber sales can generate important revenue for local people. It also plays an important role in the local ecosystem, supporting the growth of a certain type of strangling fig. During fruiting season there can be four to five orangutans, along with several gibbons, Thomas leaf monkeys, macaques, squirrels and rhinoceros hornbills feeding in a single tree at the same time!

Fauna of Gunung Leuser National Park
Approximately 350 bird species are known to live in the Gunung Leuser National Park, with 36 of the known 50 species endemic to Sundaland (a biodiversity hotspot area comprised of the western half of the Indo-Malayan archipelago) being found in the park. 194 species of reptiles and amphibians and 129 of the 205 species of mammals of Sumatra live in the Gunung Leuser National Park. The forests are thought of as the last stronghold for a number of highly endangered mammals, supporting quite possibly the last remaining viable populations of Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) and Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis).
The Leuser Ecosystem is the only place on earth where these Critically Endangered species coexist and loss of this habitat will almost undoubtedly result in their extinction in the wild. Besides the orangutan, there are a number of other primate species frequently sighted throughout the Gunung Leuser National Park: the lar gibbon (Hylobates lar), the siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus), the Thomas leaf monkey (Presbytis thomasi), the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) and the pig-tailed macaque (M. nemestrina).
One may also be lucky enough to catch a night-time glimpse of the elusive greater slow loris (Nycticebus coucang), an endangered and little known primate relying on the integrity of the Gunung Leuser National Park for its survival. Other fascinating mammals include the Malayan sunbear (Helarctos malayanus) which roams the forest in search of figs and honey, and perhaps the most easily identifiable bird in the park, the hornbill (Family Bucerotidae). Hornbills fly amongst the canopy and can sometimes be seen sharing a tree with orangutans.


Located 86 km from Medan, the third largest city in Indonesia and the biggest city in island of Sumatra, Bukit Lawang is name of a village located on the edge of the Gunung Leuser National Park. “Gunung” means “mountain”, “Bukit” means “hill” and “Lawang” means “door”, therefore, Bukit Lawang means The hill which is the gateway to the mountain. Bukit Lawang is one of the entrance to Gunung Leuser National Park, the last sanctuary of the Sumatran Orangutan.
Bukit Lawang, from 1972-2001, was the site of an orangutan rehabilitation project, with 229 ex-captive orangutans rescued from the pet trade having passed through the program. Nowadays, Bukit Lawang is considered one of the best gateways unto experiencing the many marvels of the Gunung Leuser National Park. Although no longer a center for active rehabilitation and release, the forests surrounding Bukit Lawang still offer many opportunities to observe orangutans and many other amazing species of fauna and flora

Notes : Orangutan Information Centre
Uphill is the orangutan resort, a feeding center for semi wild Sumatran Orangutan. It’s about half hour climb from the hostel. The resort is open to visitors twice a day, at 8 o’clock in the morning and at 3 o’clock in the afternoon. The boatman or keeper used to bring you over the river in a small canoe.


Tangkahan, referred to as the hidden paradise in Sumatra located in border area of Gunung Leuser National Park, is an ecotourism area in the Langkat district of North Sumatra, just two hours drive from the neighbouring ecotourism site of Bukit Lawang or four hours drive from Medan.
In the 1980s and 1990s, local people were actively cutting down trees illegally from the park for commercial timber. However, after a time the people became aware of the damages wrought by such activity and the errors of their ways, and thus collectively decided to stop illegal logging and transform the area into an ecotourism destination. Thus in April 2001, the residents gathered and passed local regulations prohibiting illegal exploitation of the forest and established the Tangkahan Tourism Institute (Lembaga Pariwisata Tangkahan, or LPT).
LPT established an MoU with GNLP Management in April 2002 to manage the Tangkahan forest for ecotourism purposes. LPT developed the Community Tour Operator (CTO) system, which provides accommodation and local tour guides for visitors. In addition to amazing Gunung Leuser National Park forest trekking in the area.
Tangkahan is combinations of vegetation and topography makes it a marvellous tourist spot rarely found elsewhere. The Batang and Buluh rivers, converging exactly in this zone, are typical of rainforest streams, with diverse varieties of vegetation and colourful rocks and Sumatra Elephants on their banks. The clear, bluish green river water against the panoramic view creates a mystical atmosphere. The Best season to Visit is June to October.
Tangkahan is also the base of the Conservation Response Unit (CRU), consisting of a team of ex-captive Sumatran Elephants and their mahouts (elephant tenders) that regularly patrols the national park to protect from any possible encroachment. Visitors can also do elephant jungle trekking for one or two hours by joining the mahouts atop an elephant’s back for a stroll through the forest, or enjoy four days three nights elephant jungle trekking from Tangkahan to Bukit Lawang.

Fullday Bukit Lawang Orangutan Tour (1 Day Travel)

Medan – Bukit Lawang – Medan
Pick up from airport or your hotel in Medan and drive to Bukit Lawang, on the way a visit to crocodile farm at Asam Kumbang village and continue the drive via Binjai and stop at palm oil, and rubber plantation, arriving at Bukit Lawang, walking to the jungle and crossing the river by traditional canoe and tracking to the feeding site to see the afternoon feeding time of the orangutan, after feeding time return back to Medan and transfer to your hotel.
If you interested to know more about this tour package or want to book our tour package, feel free to contact us and we will respond you as soon as possible 

Trekking one day
25 eu/p
Trekking two days one night
50 eu/p
Trekking three days two nights
75 eu/p
Trekking five days to Kuta Cane
Extra 10 eu for rafting activities
The Group Will be 3 person minimum
125 eu/p
Included: food,drink,tent




Bukit Lawang – Maryke Trekk & White Water Rafting (3 Days Travel)

Day  1:
Morning pick-up and private transportation from Medan or Bukit Lawang to Marike and the start of the two day trek. Trek through local villages into Gunung Leuser National Park. Stop for lunch and continue trekking to our first night cave camp surrounded by jungle and a short walk from a waterfall. Enjoy an evening camp meal and settle down for night.

Day 2:
Breakfast at camp and continuation of trek through Gunung Leuser Park. Enjoy spectacular views and the opportunity to spot the local wildlife. Stop for lunch before continuing on to camp by the Wampu river. Take up the chance to do some fishing Indonesian style or enjoy a late afternoon swim. Evening meal and rest for the evening.

Day 3:
Breakfast followed by a briefing by our experienced white water rafting instructor. Take up the paddles and set off on a 5 hour exhilarating raft down the Wampu river. Stop for a rest and a swim in the hot spring. Continue rafting to a stunning waterfall where we will eat lunch and prepare for the final raft back to Bohorok. From Bohorok we will be collected by our private transportation for the ten minute journey back to our base in Bukit Lawang. We can arrange accommodation for you for the night and arrange your transport back to Medan the following morning if required.
If you interested to know more about this tour package, feel free to contact us and we will respond you as soon as possible 
One day rafting
60 eu/p
Two days rafting
130 eu/p
Three days rafting
The group will be 3 person minimum
350 eu/p
Included .food ,drink,transportation

Bukit Lawang – Tangkahan Tour Package (5 Days Travel)

Day 1: Medan – Bukit Lawang
When you arrive at Polonia Airport in Medan the capital of North Sumatra, we will pick you up with our car and drive you to Bukit Lawang. It is about 85 km from Medan and takes about 4 hours driving. Arrive in Bukit Lawang, we check in to the hostel and rest of the day you can enjoy yourself by walking around the area and feel the jungle spirit.
Day 2: Bukit Lawang (Feeding, Trekking & Tubing)
After taking breakfast at the hostel we will visiting the feeding site where Orangutans are fed and trained to live in the wild. Then you will guided for trekking about 2 hours to explore more tropical flora and fauna of Gunung Leuser National Park. We will coming out from the forest and have fun by tubing in the river of Bohorok.
If you bringing camera/video inside the Gunung Leuser National Park, there will be additional permission charged, Rp. 50,000 for camera and Rp. 150,000 for video. This money nonrefundable in case you can’t see the Orangutan in the feeding site. Because at certain time (usually in the fruits season) the Orangutan would not appear because they get enough of food in the park.

Day 3: Bukit Lawang – Tangkahan
After breakfast at hostel, we will driving by car to Tangkahan, “The Hidden Paradise in Sumatra”. It takes about 1,5 hours driving before we arrive at the Visitor Center of Tangkahan. We should cross the Batang river using traditional raft in order to check in to the Tangkahan Inn, the newest and best hostel in Tangkahan. Enjoy yourself by swimming in the Buluh river or Batang river before lunch and after lunch we will doing Elephant Trekking and Elephant Bathing.

Day 4: Tangkahan (Trekking)
After breakfast at hostel, you will explore the beautifulness of Tangkahan, where you can found many animals like gibbons, slow loris, etc. In trekking track you will passing by Kalong and Kambing Cave, where bat can be easily found there.

Day 5: Tangkahan – Medan
Breakfast at hostel, and return to Medan. The trip will take about 4 hours drive passing by town of Stabat, on the way you can see palm oil and rubber plantation. Arrive in Medan, free program at your own leisure, until time to leave for airport.

One day elephant trek
60 eu/p
Two days one night elephant trek
120 eu/p

The group will be 3 person minimum
Included food,drink ,transportation

Booking personal

Contact our mine office:...............
Green Xplorer
Tour & Travel Sevice
Bukit lawang,North Sumatera ,Indonesia.
or Call : 085361759583
e-mail :

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